Stages (phases) of coffee roasting

During roasting, beans’ physical and chemical properties undergo several changes

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Geographic conditions for growing coffee

Coffee is a tropical plant requiring special climate and soil conditions that are necessary for high quality and yield.

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Coffee tree

The first cultivated coffee is Arabica. Recently being grown in Arabia, today it is mostly grown in Latin America.

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Coffee flower

Coffee plants bloom pure white and awesome flowers twice or three times a year, following heavy rain.

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Specialty Coffee

The coffee scoring 80 or above on a 100- point scale is named "Specialty Grade Coffee" according to SCA criteria.

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Heat transfer methods for coffee roasting

During roasting, heat is transferred to coffee beans in the roaster by conduction, convection and radiation.

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Roasted coffee tasting methods

Results of the interpreted coffee taste analysis and the normals should be compared according to international tasting norms.

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Toper Musical Coffee History

We dedicate these musics to whole people that work for developing the coffee industry.

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Coffee Harvesting Methods

The methods of harvesting ripe coffee are selective picking (hand picking), strip picking or machine harvesting.

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The importance of removing the defect beans before coffee roasting

"Good quality coffee cannot be obtained from bad green coffee. High quality aroma and taste can only be obtained from high quality green coffee"

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